Lawyers also referred to as attorneys are people who have specialized in practicing law either as attorney at law, solicitor advocate, barrister, counsel, bar at law, barrister at law as well as counsellor but cannot practice as paralegal or executive secretary of the charter. When practicing law, the lawyer is require to be conversant with legal theories and knowledge which they apply in problem solving as well as advancing interests of their clients in legal services. The major responsibilities of lawyers include arguing in court of law orally on behalf of their clients, doing research and making drafts papers used in a court to argue a case, and counselling their clients and giving them legal advice on issues. Other roles include protecting property that is intellectual such as trademarks, patent and designs, drafting contracts as well as drafting trusts, wills and other documents that ensure disposition of a property after a person’s death.
Lawyers also have specialization where a lawyers opt to only work on a given line of issues to serve their clients such as divorce lawyers, civil lawyers, criminal lawyers, personal injury lawyers among others. Individuals or even companies that have been charged with engaging in criminal activities can seek the services of a specialized criminal lawyer to represent them in a court of law. There should be a direct communication between the clients and the criminal lawyer to advice the client according on the criminal case at hand which should be honest advice. Criminal lawyers are required to avoid situations that may lead to conflict of interest where they should only have and represent one client in a single criminal matter.
Criminal lawyers are required to maintain privacy and privilege with their clients regarding any communications that takes place between them and advise their clients accordingly. This privilege is exempted where the clients may use the advice offered to commit more crimes, doing body harm and injury to themselves as well as committing suicide. A criminal lawyer is also required to perform their duties with zeal to ensure that the defence they present in a court of law on behalf of their clients is viable. Since facts are viable in a defence in a court of law, the criminal lawyer should look for all sources of these facts that relate to the case such as reviewing the reports from the police, interviewing the witnesses, among others. Criminal lawyers are required to be honest at all times either with the clients or in a court of law during the defence. A suitable and knowledgeable criminal defence lawyer is suitable for a person or company faced with criminal charges in a court of law. The lawyer will ensure that one’s rights and responsibilities have been followed to the letter.